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Biologic regulation of physical activity / Thomas W. Rowland

Autor: Rowland, Thomas W. Publicação: Champaign : Human Kinetics, cop. 2017 Descrição: XI, 211 p.ISBN: 978-1-4925-2651-3Resumo: "Biologic Regulation of Physical Activity provides readers with a cutting-edge perspective of underlying issues that may contribute to the obesity epidemic. It offers evidence of a biologic regulator affecting physical activity and explores implications of such biologic control on activity.".Nome comum: Atividade fisica | Exercicio físico | Fisiologia | Metabolismo | Energy | Obesidade CDU: 796.011
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Monografia
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796.011/ROW (Ver prateleira) Disponível 46751

Contents

Preface, p. V

Acknowledgments, p. XI

Introduction, p. 1

Part I Surveying the Evidence, p. 19
Chapter 1 Nature of Physical Activity, p. 21
Measuring Physical Activity, p. 21
Categorizing Physical Activity, p. 23

Chapter 2 Physical Activity Through the Life Span, p. 25
Human Beings, p. 26
Physical Activity of Animals, p. 32

Chapter 3 Effects of Sex, p. 37
Sexual Maturation, p. 38
Sex Differences in Infancy, p. 41

Chapter 4 Neurochemical Models, p. 43
Dopamine, p. 43
Other Neurochemical Mediators, p. 47

Chapter 5 Perturbations of Brain Function, p. 51
Lesions in Animal Brains, p. 51
Craniopharyngioma, p. 52
Anorexia Nervosa, p. 53
Restless Legs Syndrome, p. 55
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, p. 55

Chapter 6 Organized Variability, p. 59
Animal Circadian Rhythms, p. 59
Human Circadian Rhythms, p. 60
Other Variability, p. 61

Chapter 7 Genetic Influences, p. 63
Familial and Twin Studies, p. 63
Animal Selection, p. 66
Genetic Markers, p. 67
Epigenetic Influences, p. 68



Chapter 8 Physical Activity Play, p. 71
Function of Physical Play, p. 72
Neurological Basis, p. 73

Part II Rationale and Mechanisms, p. 75
Chapter 9 Activity Regulation and the Need for Energy Balance, p. 77
Energy Balance as a Biological Need, p. 79
Role of Physical Activity in Energy Balance, p. 80
Biologic Origin of Other Contributors to Energy Balance, p. 83
Parallel Decline With Aging, p. 95
Compensatory Responses in Energy Balance, p. 96

Chapter 10 Mechanisms for Biologic Control, p. 115
Feedback Systems, p. 116
Proposed Biologic Control System for Habitual Physical Activity, p. 119
Activity-Stat Versus Energy-Stat, p. 124

Part III Implications of Biological Regulation of Activity, p. 127
Chapter 11 Responses to Activity Interventions, p. 129
Compensatory Changes in Physical Activity, p. 130
Compensatory Changes in Caloric Intake, p. 137
Long-Term Changes in Physical Activity Habits, p. 141
Implications for Health Promotion, p. 143

Chapter 12 Understanding Obesity: The Biologic Perspective, p. 147
First Law of Thermodynamics, p. 147
Obesity as an Error in Energy Balance, p. 148
Behavioral Explanations for Energy Imbalance, p. 149
Genetic Explanations for Energy Imbalance, p. 150
Implications for Treatment and Prevention, p. 154

Chapter 13 Altering the Biologic Control of Activity, p. 157
Plasticity of Biologic Set Points, p. 158
Can Cognitive Will Override Biologic Control?, p. 159
Can Hedonistic Behavior Override Biologic Control?, p. 160
Role of Spontaneous Physical Activity and NEAT, p. 162
Pharmacological Manipulation of Physical Activity Regulators, p. 163


Epilogue, p. 167

References, p. 171

Index, p. 199

About the Author, p. 211



"Biologic Regulation of Physical Activity provides readers with a cutting-edge perspective of underlying issues that may contribute to the obesity epidemic. It offers evidence of a biologic regulator affecting physical activity and explores implications of such biologic control on activity."

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