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Wastewater engineering : treatment and reuse / Metcalf & Eddy ; revised by George Tchobanoglous, Franklin L. Burton, H. David Stensel

Corporate Author (Main): Metcalf & Eddy Secondary Author: Tchobanoglous, George
Burton, Franklin L.
Stensel, H. David
Edition: Fourth edition Publication: Boston : McGraw-Hill, 2004 Description: 1819 p.ISBN: 007-124140-XTopical name: Águas residuais | Tratamento de água residual | Tratamento químico | Tratamento biológico | Poluição da água CDU: 628.16 | 574.5
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Índice
Preface, p. XXI
Acknowledgments, p. XXV
Foreword, p. XXVII
1 Wastewater Engineering: An Overview, p. 1
1-1 Terminology, p. 3
1-2 Impact of Regulations on Wastewater Engineering, p. 3
1-3 Health and Environmental Concerns in Wastewater Management, p. 7
1-4 Wastewater Characteristics, p. 9
1-5 Wastewater Treatment, p. 10
1-6 Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse, p. 20
1-7 Biosolids and Residuals Management, p. 22
2 Constituents in Wastewater, p. 27
2-1 Wastewater Constituents, p. 29
2-2 Sampling and Analytical Procedures, p. 29
2-3 Physical Characteristics, p. 42
2-4 Inorganic Nonmetallic Constituents, p. 57
2-5 Metallic Constituents, p. 77
2-6 Aggregate Organic Constituents, p. 80
2-7 Individual Organic Compounds, p. 99
2-8 Biological Characteristics, p. 104
2-9 Toxicity Tests, p. 130
3 Analysis and Selection of wastewater Flowrates and Constituent Loadings, p. 153
3-3 Statistical Analysis of Flowrates, Constituent Concentrations, and Mass Loadings, p. 170
3-4 Analysis of Wastewater Flowrate Data, p. 178
3-5 Analysis of Constituent Mass Loading Data, p.181
3-6 Selection of Design Flowrates and Mass Loadings, p. 197
4 Introduction to Process Analysis and Selection, p. 215
4-1 Reactors Used for the Treatment of Wastewater, p. 218
4-2 Mass-Balance Analysis, p. 222
4-3 Modeling Ideal Flow in Reactors, p. 226
4-4 Analysis of Nonideal Flow in Reactors Using Tracers, p. 229
4-5 Modeling Nonideal Flow in Reactors The Distinction between Molecular Diffusion, Turbulent Diffusion, and Dispersion, p. 245
4-6 Reactions, Reaction Rates, and Reaction Rate Coefficients, p. 257
4-7 Modeling Treatment Process Kinetics Batch Reactor with Reaction, p. 269
4-8 Treatment Processes Involving Mass Transfer, p. 283
4-9 Introduction to Process Selection, p. 297
5 Physical Unit Operations, p. 311
5-1 Screening, p. 315
5-2 Coarse Solids Reduction, p. 330
5-3 Flow Equalization, p. 333
5-4 Mixing and Flocculation, p. 344
5-5 Gravity Separation Theory, p. 361
5-6 Grit Removal, p. 384
5-7 Primary Sedimentation, p. 396
5-8 High-Rate Clarification, p. 411
5-9 Large-Scale Swirl and Vortex Separators for Combined Wastewater and Stormwater, p. 417
5-10 Flotation, p. 419
5-11 Oxygen Transfer, p. 425
5-12 Aeration Systems, p. 430
5-13 Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) by Aeration, p. 456
6 Chemical Unit Processes, p. 475
6-1 Role of Chemical Unit Processes in Wastewater Treatment, p. 476
6-2 Fundamentals of Chemical Coagulation, p. 478
6-3 Chemical Precipitation for Improved Plant Perfomance, p. 493
6-4 Chemical Precipitation for Phosphorus Removal, p. 500
6-5 Chemical Precipitation for Removal of Heavy Metals and Dissolved Inorganic Substances, p. 514
6-6 Chemical Oxidation, p. 517
6-7 Chemical Neutralization, Scale Control, and Stabilization, p. 526
6-8 Chemical Storage, Feeding, Piping, and Control Systems, p. 532
7 Fundamentals of Biological Treatment, p. 545
7-1 Overview of Biological Wastewater Treatment, p. 547
7-2 Composition and Classification of Microorganisms, p. 555
7-3 Introduction to Microbial Metabolism, p. 563
7-4 Bacterial Growth and Energetics, p. 565
7-5 Microbial Growth Kinetics, p. 580
7-6 Modeling Suspended Growth Treatment Processes, p. 588
7-7 Substrate Removal in Attached Growth Treatment Processes, p. 602
7-8 Aerobic Biological Oxidation, p. 607
7-9 Biological Nitrifïcation, p. 611
7-10 Biological Denitrification, p. 616
7-11 Biological Phosphorus Removal, p. 623
7-12 Anaerobio Fermentation and Oxidation, p. 629
7-13 Biological Removal of Toxic and Recalcitrant Organic Compounds, p. 635
7-14 Biological Removal of Heavy Metals, p. 644
8 Suspended Growth Biological Treatment Processes, p. 659
8-1 Introduction to the Activated-Sludge Process, p. 661
8-2 Wastewater Characterization, p. 666
8-3 Fundamentals of Process Analysis and Control, p. 676
8-4 Processes for BOD Removal and Nitrifïcation, p. 703
8-5 Processes for Biological Nitrogen Removal, p. 749
8-6 Processes for Biological Phosphorus Removal, p. 799
8-7 Selection and Design of Physical Facilities for Actívated-Sludge Processes, p. 816
8-8 Suspended Growlh Aerated Lagoons, p. 840
8-0 Biological Treatment with Membrane Separation, p. 854
8-10 Simulation Design Models, p. 859
9 Attached Growth and Combined Biological Treatment Processes, p. 887
9-1 Background, p. 888
9-2 Trickling Filters, p. 890
9-3 Rotating Biological Contactors, p. 930
9-4 Combined Aerobic Treatment Processes, p. 940
9-5 Activated Sludge with Fixed-Film Packing, p. 952
9-6 Submerged Attached Growth Processes Downflow Submerged Attached Growth Processes, p. 957
9-7 Attached Growth Denitrifícation Processes, p. 962
10 Anaerobic Suspended and Attached Growth Biological Treatment Processes, p. 983
10-1 The Rationale for Anaerobic Treatment, p. 984
10-2 General Design Considerations for Anaerobic Treatment Processes, p. 986
10-3 Anaerobic Suspended Growth Processes, p. 996
10-4 Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Processes, p. 1005
10-5 Attached Growth Anaerobic Processes, p. 1018
10-6 Other Anaerobic Treatment Processes, p. 1024
11 Advanced Wastewater Treatment, p. 1035
11-1 Need for Advanced Wastewater Treatment, p. 1037
11-2 Technologies Used for Advanced Treatment, p. 1038
11-3 Introduction to Depth Filtration, p. 1044
11-4 Selection and Design Considerations for Depth Filters, p. 1069
11-5 Surface Filtration, p. 1098
11-6 Membrane Filtration Processes, p. 1104
11-7 Adsorption, p. 1138
11-8 Gas Stripping, p. 1162
11-9 lon Exchange, p. 1180
11-10 Advanced Oxidation Processes, p. 1196
11-11 Distillation, p. 1202
12 Disinfection Processes, p. 1217
12-1 Regulalory Requirements for Wastewater Disinfection, p. 1219
12-2 Disinfection Theory, p. 1219
12-3 Disinfection with Chlorine, p. 1231
12-4 Disinfection with Chlorine Dioxide, p. 1258
12-5 Dechlorination, p. 1261
l 2-6 Design of Chlorination and Dechlorination Facilities, p. 1264
12-7 Disinfection with Ozone, p. 1286
12-8 Other Chemical Disinfection Methods, p. 1295
12-9 Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation Disinfection, p. 1298
12-10 Comparison of Alternative Disinfection Technologies, p. 1329
13 Water Reuse, p. 1345
13-1 Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse: An Introduction, p. 1347
l 3-2 Public Health and Environmental Issues in Water Reuse, p. 1356
13-3 Introduction to Risk Assessment, p. 1366
13-4 Water Reclamation Technologies, p. 1376
13-5 Storage of Reclaimed Water, p. 1391
13-6 Agricultural and Landscape Irrigation , p. 1401
13-7 Industrial Water Reuse, p. 1412
13-8 Groundwater Recharge with Reclaimed Water, p. 1422
13-9 Planned Indirect and Direct Potable Water Reuse, p. 1429
13-10 Planning for Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse, p. 1433
13-11 Epilogue on Water Reuse Issues, p. 1438
14 Treatment, Reuse, and Disposal of Solids and Biosolids, p. 1447
14-1 Solids Sources, Characteristics, and Quantities, p. 1451
14-2 Regulations for the Reuse and Disposal of Solids in the United States, p. 1460
14-3 Solids Processing Flow Diagrams, p. 1465
14-4 Sludge and Scum Pumping, p. 1465
14-5 Preliminary Operations, p. 1482
14-6 Thickening, p. 1488
14-7 Inlroduction to Stabilization, p. 1499
14-8 Alkaline Stabilization, p. 1500
14-9 Anaerobic Digestion, p. 1505
14-10 Aerobic Digestion, p. 1533
14-11 Composting, p. 1546
14-12 Conditioning,p.1554
14-13 Dewatering, p. 1558
14-14 Heal Drying, p. 1579
14-15 Incineration, p. 1586
14-16 Solids Mass Balances, p. 1592
14-17 Application of Biosolids to Land, p. 1608
14-18 Biosolids Conveyance and Storage, p. 1621
15 Issues Related to Treatment-Plant Performance, p. 1533
l 5-1 Need for Upgrading Treatment-Plant Performance, p. 1634
15-2 Treatment Process Reliability and Selection of Design Values, p. 1636
15-3 Odor Management, p. 1650
l 5-4 Introduction to Automatic Process Control, p. 1677
l 5-5 Energy Efficiency in Wastewater Treatment, p. 1703
l 5-6 Upgrading Wastewater Treatment-Plant Performance, p. 1708
l 5-7 Important Design Considerations for New Wastewater Treatment Plants, p. 1721

Appendixes
A Conversion Factors, p. 1729
B Physical Properties of Selected Gases
and the Composition of Air, p. 1737
C Physical Properties of Water, p. 1741
D Solubility of Dissolved Oxygen in Water as a Function of Salinity and Barometric Pressure, p. 1745
E MPN Tables and Their Use, p. 1749
F Carbonate Equilibrium, p. 1753
G Moody Diagrams for the Analysis of Flow in Pipes, p. 1757
Indexes
Name Index, p. 1759
Subject Index, p. 1771





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